Religious exemptions not only license the kinds of refusals discussed above, but encourage people to expect and fear discrimination and adapt accordingly. Kaplan suggested he is optimistic about the court declaring sexual orientation and gender identity as Title VII-protected.
Research suggests that LGBT individuals are at higher risk for physical and mental health issues than non-LGBT individuals, due in part to the chronic stress and stigma they encounter. Other categories are left off the list, such as discrimination against employees based on their citizenship status.
Many interviewees pointed out that religious exemption laws Given the lack of legal protection for the gay community their legal vulnerability in multiple ways. By allowing people to elevate their prejudices above fairness and equality, it also threatens the broader principle that people should not be refused goods and services solely because of who they are.
Interviewees were given the option of using pseudonyms in published materials for the project; where pseudonyms are used in this report, that is reflected in the footnote citation. Bill S. The Center for Public Integrity is an independent, investigative newsroom that exposes betrayals of the public trust by powerful interests.
In OctoberCongress passed the Matthew Shepard Actwhich expanded the definition of hate crimes to include gender, sexual orientation, gender-identity, and disability. Archived from the original on August 17, Hodges that same-sex marriage cannot be prohibited by a state.
In his campaign to become the Governor of TexasBush pledged to veto any effort to repeal Texas's sodomy law, calling it "a symbolic gesture of traditional values. We will resist the efforts of some to obtain government endorsement of homosexuality.
District of Columbia. Similarly, Virginia had a penalty of 1—10 years for free persons committing sodomy, but imposed the death penalty for slaves committing sodomy.
By allowing people to elevate their prejudices above fairness and equality, it also threatens the broader principle that people should not be refused goods and services solely because of who they are. In , lawmakers introduced another religious exemption bill at the federal level that specifically pertains to child welfare providers.
And several efforts by the Trump Administration, such as pushing to ban transgender people from serving openly in the military, lend doubt to whether the President would sign it. Archived from the original on 5 September The Court Will Decide.